Monday, 23 January 2012

Ciudad perdida: Cities that do not damage the environment.

At the top of steep basins of some rivers mentioned before, the “Taironas” constructed more than 280 population nucleus for the number of habitants that lived there, those nucleus were real cities, Bonda, Chairama, Pocigueica and Taironaca were the principal cities established in this place, the one of the latest mentioned before it has been found the remains near to Buticara river, 1350 meters above seal level but border for hills, those ruins are commonly called “Ciudad perdida” and were restored by Colombia Anthropology institute in order to promote not only tourism, the importance of preserve this treasure. 
"Ciudad perdida” is a model about how Taironas cities were settled to the earth, the grass, the nature, the environment without affected them, the little villages always were located on land pending but are interconnected by roads cover by flat stones, the roads, under the threes shadows, up and down, sometimes were stairs and sometimes transformed in bridges that pass through rivers or streams.

The houses at the same those ceremonial houses “temples” (temples were bigger that houses but maintain the same architecture) were circles, they were built in small groups on round terraces that protected the houses against erosion, bordered by stone walls, those bases were made in this way because it allow to Taironas to up the house until 80 centimeters, latter the put up the wood and walls and the conical roof was cover by palm leaves, the live was quite, cooked over three stones, slept on hammocks made by cotton and the goldwork made by clay.

More than roads, stairs and usual terraces, stone remains and Taironas engineering, water reserves and stone canals that conducted the water to the cultivate terraces: those terraces  also protected against erosion in the same way that houses, gave to the population a lot of products like corn, that was the most important food and fabricated chica (alcoholic drink), arepas (like pancakes made by corn), tropical fruits and the most up terraces they cultivated potatoes or other vegetables that are cultivated only in cold climate.

Their organization and the way that they lived together with the environment without destroy or affected it, give us and example that human beings can live in a balance with environment.
Nowadays Koguis that are Taironas descendants still live there despite the problems of violence, deforestation and the wish of private business to convert the region in a hotel zone for the tourism that it carries on. La sierra Nevada de Santa Marta is a place where you find sea, nature, mountains, animals, plants, human beings and spirits living in a balance.  

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